Spectral graph convolutions for population-based disease prediction

Sarah Parisot, Sofia Ira Ktena, Enzo Ferrante, Matthew Lee, Ricardo Guerrerro Moreno, Ben Glocker, Daniel Rueckert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

140 Scopus citations

Abstract

Exploiting the wealth of imaging and non-imaging information for disease prediction tasks requires models capable of representing, at the same time, individual features as well as data associations between subjects from potentially large populations. Graphs provide a natural framework for such tasks, yet previous graph-based approaches focus on pairwise similarities without modelling the subjects’ individual characteristics and features. On the other hand, relying solely on subject-specific imaging feature vectors fails to model the interaction and similarity between subjects, which can reduce performance. In this paper, we introduce the novel concept of Graph Convolutional Networks (GCN) for brain analysis in populations, combining imaging and non-imaging data. We represent populations as a sparse graph where its vertices are associated with image-based feature vectors and the edges encode phenotypic information. This structure was used to train a GCN model on partially labelled graphs, aiming to infer the classes of unlabelled nodes from the node features and pairwise associations between subjects. We demonstrate the potential of the method on the challenging ADNI and ABIDE databases, as a proof of concept of the benefit from integrating contextual information in classification tasks. This has a clear impact on the quality of the predictions, leading to 69.5% accuracy for ABIDE (outperforming the current state of the art of 66.8%) and 77% for ADNI for prediction of MCI conversion, significantly outperforming standard linear classifiers where only individual features are considered.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention − MICCAI 2017 - 20th International Conference, Proceedings
EditorsLena Maier-Hein, Alfred Franz, Pierre Jannin, Simon Duchesne, Maxime Descoteaux, D. Louis Collins
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages177-185
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9783319661780
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event20th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2017 - Quebec City, Canada
Duration: 11 Sep 201713 Sep 2017

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume10435 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference20th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2017
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityQuebec City
Period11/09/1713/09/17

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