Spatial modeling

Eike Brechmann, Claudia Czado

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Chapter Preview. This chapter presents statistical models that can handle spatial dependence among variables. Spatial dependence refers to the phenomenon that variables observed in areas close to each other are often related. Ignoring data heterogeneity due to such spatial dependence patterns may cause overdispersion and erroneous conclusions. In an actuarial context, it is important to take spatial information into account in many cases, such as in the insurance of buildings threatened by natural catastrophes; in health insurance, where diseases affect specific regions; and also in car insurance, as we discuss in an application. In particular, we describe the most common spatial autoregressive models and show how to build a joint model for claim severity and claim frequency of individual policies based on generalized linear models with underlying spatial dependence. The results show the importance of explicitly considering spatial information in the ratemaking methodology. Introduction: It is important to take spatial information related to insurance policies into account when predicting claims and ratemaking. The most prominent example is the modeling of natural catastrophes needed for the insurance of buildings. Another example is health insurance, where spatial information is relevant for an accurate assessment of the underlying risks, because frequencies of some diseases may vary by region. Frequencies in neighbor regions are often expected to be more closely related than those in regions far from each other. This phenomenon is usually referred to as spatial dependence.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPredictive Modeling Applications in Actuarial Science
Subtitle of host publicationVolume I: Predictive Modeling Techniques
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781139342674
ISBN (Print)9781107029873
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Finance and accountancy
  • Finance and insurance
  • Statistics for econometrics


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