Somatic Fusion for Breeding of Tetraploid Potatoes

S. Deimling, J. Zitzlsperger, G. Wenzel

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32 Scopus citations

Abstract

From two tetraploid, one Transformed tetraploid, one triploid and 11 dihaploid clones of Solanum tuberosum somatic hybrids were produced by polyethylene glycol mediated somatic fusion. The inter‐dihaploid clones comprised clones of agronomic value, homozygous doubled monohaploids, and in vitro selected clones resistant t0 Fusarium or Phytophthora toxins. Presumptive hybrids were enriched at the callus Stage in vitro by using differentiating media and by growth characteristics; further identification was performed by chromosome counting in vitro shoots and by isozyme analysis of in vitro plants. Final analysis was made from morphological characteristic of plant and tuber phenotypes. From 15 different combinations, 6009 plantlets have been regenerated. From five combinations, 310 reentrants were checked for hybrid nature by morphology and cytology and 88 by peroxidase and esterase isozyme analyses. Amongst these, from two combinations, a total of 17 different hybrids were confirmed by all methods. The procedures described are general enough to allow genome combination of interdihaploids resulting in tetraploids of practical breeding value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-189
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Breeding
Volume101
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1988
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Solanum tuberosum
  • isozymes
  • protoplasts
  • regeneration
  • somatic fusion

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