Size-effects in the acetylene cyclotrimerization on supported size-selected Pdn clusters (1≤n≤30)

S. Abbet, A. Sanchez, U. Heiz, W. D. Schneider, A. M. Ferrari, G. Pacchioni, N. Rösch

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Motivated by the suggestion that mainly geometric arguments can explain the observed structure sensitivity in the cyclotrimerization of acetylene to benzene on palladium single crystals and on supported palladium particles, we studied this reaction on size-selected Pdn clusters (1≤n≤30) supported on thin MgO(100) films by thermal desorption spectroscopy. Already on small Pdn (1≤n≤6), benzene is readily produced, mainly at low temperature (300 K). For larger clusters (7≤n≤30) benzene also desorbs at a temperature of 430 K, indicating that a critical ensemble of seven atoms is necessary for high-temperature cyclotrimerization. Using density functional theory, we attribute this high-temperature desorption of benzene to the presence of three-dimensional clusters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)984-989
Number of pages6
JournalSurface Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - 20 May 2000
EventECOSS-18: 18th European Conference on Surface Science - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 21 Sep 199924 Sep 1999


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