Simultaneous Identification of Free and Supported Frequency Response Functions of a Rotor in Active Magnetic Bearings

Michael Kreutz, Johannes Maierhofer, Thomas Thümmel, Daniel J. Rixen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Frequency response functions (FRFs) of rotor systems can be used as indicator functions for condition monitoring. Component-wise FRFs are of high interest to locate errors in the case of defects. To enable continuous monitoring, measurements should be taken during operation. This contribution shows methods of using active magnetic bearings (AMBs) for simultaneously determining different FRFs of a rotor system. The AMBs, in addition to supporting the rotor, are used simultaneously as sensors and actuators. Two different types of FRFs, namely, the one associated with the free rotor and with the supported rotor can be determined from a single experiment. This procedure does not need any change in the assembly because the AMBs are simultaneously used as bearing and excitation device. Considering as excitation the total bearing force of the AMBs results in the FRF of the free rotor. The FRF of the supported system is determined by considering a perturbation force only, which is applied on top of the controlled AMB force. As a showcase, an academic rotor test rig is used with and without rotation to verify the applicability of the method. To evaluate and interpret the results of the experiments, a numerical model of the rotor using finite-element formulations is used.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2022


  • frequency response
  • identification
  • magnetic bearings
  • substructuring


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