Simultaneous High Charge-Spin Conversion Efficiency and Large Spin Diffusion Length in Altermagnetic RuO2

Yichi Zhang, Hua Bai, Lei Han, Chong Chen, Yongjian Zhou, Christian H. Back, Feng Pan, Yuyan Wang, Cheng Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Efficient spin sources with large spin Hall angle (θSH) and long spin diffusion length (λSD) are highly desired in the application of spintronic devices. However, due to strong spin-orbit coupling, the two targets can hardly be achieved simultaneously in conventional relativistic spin sources, like heavy metals. Here, it is proven that collinear antiferromagnetic RuO2 films are able to address this key issue and break the inverse relationship of θSH versus λSD. Based on spin torque-ferromagnetic resonance and spin pumping measurements, the authors demonstrate that the θSH of RuO2(100) films is 0.183, and the λSD is over 12 nm being an order of magnitude longer than that of Pt, β-W, and β-Ta. Meanwhile, sizable λSD is also obtained in spin current with out-of-plane spin polarization generated by RuO2(101) films. By conducting a control experiment, the nonrelativistic altermagnetic spin splitting effect (ASSE) is ascertained to be the crucial mechanism accounting for the simultaneous large θSH and long λSD in RuO2. Besides the fundamental significance, these findings will advance the development of spintronics towards higher efficiency and lower power consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2313332
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number24
StatePublished - 12 Jun 2024


  • RuO
  • altermagnets
  • spin Hall angle
  • spin diffusion length
  • spin pumping
  • spin torque-ferromagnetic resonance


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