Simulating mobility and DTNs with the ONE

Ari Keränen, Teemu Kärkkäinen, Jörg Ott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Scopus citations


Delay-tolerant Networking (DTN) enables communication in sparse mobile ad-hoc networks and other challenged environments where traditional networking fails and new routing and application protocols are required. Past experience with DTN routing and application protocols has shown that their performance is highly dependent on the underlying mobility and node characteristics. Evaluating DTN protocols across many scenarios requires suitable simulation tools. This paper presents the Opportunistic Networking Environment (ONE) simulator specifically designed for evaluating DTN routing and application protocols. It allows users to create scenarios based upon different synthetic movement models and real-world traces and offers a framework for implementing routing and application protocols (already including six well-known routing protocols). Interactive visualization and post-processing tools support evaluating experiments and an emulation mode allows the ONE simulator to become part of a real-world DTN testbed. We examine a range of published simulation studies which demonstrate the simulator's flexible support for DTN protocol evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-105
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Communications
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Delay-tolerant networking
  • Mobility
  • Performance evaluation
  • Simulation


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