Separation of responsive and unresponsive patients under clinical conditions: comparison of symbolic transfer entropy and permutation entropy

Robert Zanner, Sebastian Berger, Natalie Schröder, Matthias Kreuzer, Gerhard Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Electroencephalogram (EEG)-based monitoring during general anesthesia may help prevent harmful effects of high or low doses of general anesthetics. There is currently no convincing evidence in this regard for the proprietary algorithms of commercially available monitors. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a more mechanism-based parameter of EEG analysis (symbolic transfer entropy, STE) can separate responsive from unresponsive patients better than a strictly probabilistic parameter (permutation entropy, PE) under clinical conditions. In this prospective single-center study, the EEG of 60 surgical ASA I–III patients was recorded perioperatively. During induction of and emergence from anesthesia, patients were asked to squeeze the investigators’ hand every 15s. Time of loss of responsiveness (LoR) during induction and return of responsiveness (RoR) during emergence from anesthesia were registered. PE and STE were calculated at −15s and +30s of LoR and RoR and their ability to separate responsive from unresponsive patients was evaluated using accuracy statistics. 56 patients were included in the final analysis. STE and PE values decreased during anesthesia induction and increased during emergence. Intra-individual consistency was higher during induction than during emergence. Accuracy values during LoR and RoR were 0.71 (0.62–0.79) and 0.60 (0.51–0.69), respectively for STE and 0.74 (0.66–0.82) and 0.62 (0.53–0.71), respectively for PE. For the combination of LoR and RoR, values were 0.65 (0.59–0.71) for STE and 0.68 (0.62–0.74) for PE. The ability to differentiate between the clinical status of (un)responsiveness did not significantly differ between STE and PE at any time. Mechanism-based EEG analysis did not improve differentiation of responsive from unresponsive patients compared to the probabilistic PE. Trial registration: German Clinical Trials Register ID: DRKS00030562, November 4, 2022, retrospectively registered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-196
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EEG monitoring
  • Frontal-parietal connectivity
  • General anesthesia
  • Permutation entropy
  • Symbolic transfer entropy

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