Separation of minor cannabinoids from hemp extract with trapping multiple dual mode liquid-liquid chromatography

Simon Vlad Luca, Lukas Braumann, Melanie Gerigk, Oliver Frank, Mirjana Minceva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Aside from Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), other less common cannabinoids have recently gained an increasing popularity, mostly due to their promising biological potential. However, time-saving and cost-effective methods for their preparative purification are missing. In this study, trapping multiple dual mode (MDM), a flow-reversal liquid-liquid chromatography (LLC) operating mode, was used for the separation of different minor cannabinoids from a hemp extract. Separation task specific biphasic solvent systems were selected for the purification of the target constituents, as follows: n-hexane/methanol/water 10/6.5/3.5 for cannabielsoin (CBE); n-hexane/methanol/water 10/7/3 for cannabidivarin (CBDV) and cannabigerol (CBG); n-hexane/methanol/water 10/8/2 for cannabinol (CBN) and n-hexane/methanol/water 10/9/1 for cannabichromene (CBC) and cannabicylol (CBL). For each separation task, the concentration of the hemp extract in the feed stream and mobile phase flow rate were selected by shake-flask and stationary phase retention experiments, respectively. For the determination of the trapping MDM operating parameters, the short-cut method was implemented and followed by equilibrium-cell model-based simulations. The trapping MDM allowed the separation of the targeted cannabinoids with purities of 93-99%, yields of 73-95%, solvent consumption 2-4-fold lower and productivities almost double than those obtained using batch separation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number462608
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
StatePublished - 22 Nov 2021


  • Cannabicylol
  • Cannabielsoin
  • Centrifugal partition chromatography
  • Countercurrent chromatography
  • Multiple dual mode


Dive into the research topics of 'Separation of minor cannabinoids from hemp extract with trapping multiple dual mode liquid-liquid chromatography'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this