Self-supervision with Superpixels: Training Few-Shot Medical Image Segmentation Without Annotation

Cheng Ouyang, Carlo Biffi, Chen Chen, Turkay Kart, Huaqi Qiu, Daniel Rueckert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

116 Scopus citations


Few-shot semantic segmentation (FSS) has great potential for medical imaging applications. Most of the existing FSS techniques require abundant annotated semantic classes for training. However, these methods may not be applicable for medical images due to the lack of annotations. To address this problem we make several contributions: (1) A novel self-supervised FSS framework for medical images in order to eliminate the requirement for annotations during training. Additionally, superpixel-based pseudo-labels are generated to provide supervision; (2) An adaptive local prototype pooling module plugged into prototypical networks, to solve the common challenging foreground-background imbalance problem in medical image segmentation; (3) We demonstrate the general applicability of the proposed approach for medical images using three different tasks: abdominal organ segmentation for CT and MRI, as well as cardiac segmentation for MRI. Our results show that, for medical image segmentation, the proposed method outperforms conventional FSS methods which require manual annotations for training.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputer Vision – ECCV 2020 - 16th European Conference, Proceedings
EditorsAndrea Vedaldi, Horst Bischof, Thomas Brox, Jan-Michael Frahm
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9783030585259
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event16th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2020 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 23 Aug 202028 Aug 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12374 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference16th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


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