Secrecy degrees of freedom of MIMO broadcast channels with delayed CSIT

Sheng Yang, Mari Kobayashi, Pablo Piantanida, Shlomo Shamai Shitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


The degrees of freedom (DoF) of the two-user Gaussian multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) broadcast channel with confidential messages is studied under the assumption that delayed channel state information (CSI) is available at the transmitter. We characterize the optimal secrecy DoF (SDoF) region and show that it can be achieved by a simple artificial noise alignment scheme. The proposed scheme sends the confidential messages superposed with the artificial noise over several time slots. Exploiting delayed CSI, the transmitter aligns the transmit signal in such a way that the useful message can be extracted at the intended receiver but is completely drowned by the artificial noise at the unintended receiver. The proposed scheme can be regarded as a nontrivial extension of Maddah-Ali Tse scheme and enables us to quantify the resource overhead, or equivalently the DoF loss, to be paid for the secure communications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6527359
Pages (from-to)5244-5256
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Theory
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Delayed channel state information
  • Gaussian broadcast channels
  • interference alignment
  • multiple-antenna channels
  • physical-layer security
  • wiretap channel


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