Schwannomas of the greater superficial petrosal nerve – case series, discussion of surgical techniques, and review of literature

A. Kaywan Aftahy, Maximilian Groll, Arthur Wagner, Melanie Barz, Denise Bernhardt, Stephanie E. Combs, Bernhard Meyer, Jens Gempt, Chiara Negwer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Facial nerve schwannomas account for about 0.8% of all petrous mass lesions. Schwannomas of the greater superficial petrosal nerve (GSPN) are a rare subtype with few case-reports up to date. Case presentations: A retrospective analysis of clinical outcomes, radiographic findings and postoperative complication between June 2007 and December 2020 was performed. Four cases of GSPN schwannomas were reported. The presenting symptoms were facial nerve palsy and hearing loss. Imaging studies showed a subtemporal mass on the anterosuperior aspect of the petrous bone, in one case with extraordinary petrous bone and mastoid infiltration and destruction. Three cases were removed through a subtemporal extra- or intradural approach, one case via a combined pre- and retrosigmoid approach. Improvement of facial nerve palsy occurred in one case; new hearing loss was observed in another case. Xeropthalmia was a short-term temporary deficit in three cases. Short- to mid-term follow-up of the patients has not shown any tumor recurrence. Conclusions: GSPN schwannomas are rare entities presenting with heterogenous symptoms. Our surgical findings emphasize safe resection. Complete remission is possible by GTR. Since the small data set limits the expressiveness of statements regarding standard of care and alternative therapy options, additional data is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number470
JournalBMC Neurology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Greater superficial petrosal nerve
  • Middle cranial fossa
  • Neurosurgical oncology
  • Operative technique
  • Schwannoma
  • Skull base

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Schwannomas of the greater superficial petrosal nerve – case series, discussion of surgical techniques, and review of literature'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this