Scaling of the toroidal structure and nonlinear dynamics of ELMs on ASDEX Upgrade

The Asdex Upgrade Team, A. F. Mink, E. Wolfrum, M. Dunne, M. Hoelzl, M. Maraschek, R. Fischer, M. Cavedon, G. F. Harrer, U. Stroth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Edge localized modes (ELMs) are magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities that cause fast periodic relaxations of the strong edge pressure gradient in tokamak fusion plasmas. Magnetic pick-up coils allow the extraction of toroidal mode numbers n during the ELM cycle including the nonlinear crash on ASDEX Upgrade, providing a good comparability to nonlinear 3D MHD codes. This paper investigates how the mode numbers before and during the ELM crash change with a variation of plasma parameters. It is found that the toroidal structure size during the crash is similar to the one existing slightly before and always has a low n = 1-7 range. Furthermore, in the nonlinear phase of the ELM n does not show a clear trend with most peeling-ballooning relevant parameters such as normalized pressure gradient, bootstrap current density or triangularity, whereas a strong decrease of n with edge safety factor q 95 is observed in agreement with nonlinear modeling in the here investigated high collisionality region. A simple geometric model is presented, which is capable of explaining the q scaling by existence of ballooned structures that minimize n.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125011
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number12
StatePublished - 6 Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • edge localized mode
  • mode number
  • nonlinear
  • plasma


Dive into the research topics of 'Scaling of the toroidal structure and nonlinear dynamics of ELMs on ASDEX Upgrade'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this