Safety evaluation of physical human-robot interaction via crash-testing

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

157 Scopus citations


The light-weight robots developed at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) are characterized by their low inertial properties, torque sensing in each joint and a load to weight ratio similar to humans. These properties qualify them for applications requiring high mobility and direct interaction with human users or uncertain environments. An essential requirement for such a robot is that it must under no circumstances pose a threat to the human operator. To actually quantify the potential injury risk emanating from the manipulator, impact test were carried out using standard automobile crash-test facilities at the ADAC1. In our evaluation we focused on unexpected rigid frontal impacts, i.e. injuries e.g. caused by sharp edges are excluded. Several injury mechanisms and so called Severity Indices are evaluated and discussed with respect to their adaptability to physical human-robotic interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRobotics
Subtitle of host publicationScience and Systems III
EditorsWolfram Burgard, Oliver Brock, Cyrill Stachniss
PublisherMIT Press Journals
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780262524841
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd International Conference on Robotics Science and Systems, RSS 2007 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: 27 Jun 200730 Jun 2007

Publication series

NameRobotics: Science and Systems
ISSN (Print)2330-7668
ISSN (Electronic)2330-765X


Conference3rd International Conference on Robotics Science and Systems, RSS 2007
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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