Safety and performance of the third-generation drug-eluting resorbable coronary magnesium scaffold system in the treatment of subjects with de novo coronary artery lesions: 6-month results of the prospective, multicenter BIOMAG-I first-in-human study

Michael Haude, Adrian Wlodarczak, René J. van der Schaaf, Jan Torzewski, Bert Ferdinande, Javier Escaned, Juan F. Iglesias, Johan Bennett, Gabor Toth, Michael Joner, Ralph Toelg, Marcus Wiemer, Göran Olivecrona, Paul Vermeersch, Hector M. Garcia-Garcia, Ron Waksman

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A third-generation coronary drug-eluting resorbable magnesium scaffold (DREAMS 3G) was developed to enhance the performance of previous scaffold generations and achieve angiographic outcomes comparable to those of contemporary drug-eluting stents. Methods: This prospective, multicenter, non-randomized, first-in-human study was conducted at 14 centers in Europe. Eligible patients had stable or unstable angina, documented silent ischemia, or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, and a maximum of two single de novo lesions in two separate coronary arteries with a reference vessel diameter between 2.5 mm and 4.2 mm. Clinical follow-up was scheduled at one, six and 12 months and annually thereafter until five years. Invasive imaging assessments were scheduled six and 12 months postoperatively. The primary endpoint was angiographic in-scaffold late lumen loss at six months. This trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT04157153). Findings: Between April 2020 and February 2022, 116 patients with 117 coronary artery lesions were enrolled. At six months, in-scaffold late lumen loss was 0.21 mm (SD 0.31). Intravascular ultrasound assessment showed preservation of the scaffold area (mean 7.59 mm2 [SD 2.21] post-procedure vs 6.96 mm2 [SD 2.48]) at six months) with a low mean neointimal area (0.02 mm2 [SD 0.10]). Optical coherence tomography revealed that struts were embedded in the vessel wall and were already hardly discernible at six months. Target lesion failure occurred in one (0.9%) patient; a clinically driven target lesion revascularization was performed on post-procedure day 166. No definite or probable scaffold thrombosis or myocardial infarction was observed. Interpretation: These findings show that the implantation of DREAMS 3G in de novo coronary lesions is associated with favorable safety and performance outcomes, comparable to contemporary drug-eluting stents. Funding: This study was funded by BIOTRONIK AG.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101940
JournaleClinicalMedicine
Volume59
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • Bioresobabe scaffolds
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Drug-eluting stents

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