Roadmap on soft robotics: multifunctionality, adaptability and growth without borders

Barbara Mazzolai, Alessio Mondini, Emanuela Del Dottore, Laura Margheri, Federico Carpi, Koichi Suzumori, Matteo Cianchetti, Thomas Speck, Stoyan K. Smoukov, Ingo Burgert, Tobias Keplinger, Gilberto De Freitas Siqueira, Felix Vanneste, Olivier Goury, Christian Duriez, Thrishantha Nanayakkara, Bram Vanderborght, Joost Brancart, Seppe Terryn, Steven I. RichRuiyuan Liu, Kenjiro Fukuda, Takao Someya, Marcello Calisti, Cecilia Laschi, Wenguang Sun, Gang Wang, Li Wen, Robert Baines, Sree Kalyan Patiballa, Rebecca Kramer-Bottiglio, Daniela Rus, Peer Fischer, Friedrich C. Simmel, Andreas Lendlein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Soft robotics aims at creating systems with improved performance of movement and adaptability in unknown, challenging, environments and with higher level of safety during interactions with humans. This Roadmap on Soft Robotics covers selected aspects for the design of soft robots significantly linked to the area of multifunctional materials, as these are considered a fundamental component in the design of soft robots for an improvement of their peculiar abilities, such as morphing, adaptivity and growth. The roadmap includes different approaches for components and systems design, bioinspired materials, methodologies for building soft robots, strategies for the implementation and control of their functionalities and behavior, and examples of soft-bodied systems showing abilities across different environments. For each covered topic, the author(s) describe the current status and research directions, current and future challenges, and perspective advances in science and technology to meet the challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032001
JournalMultifunctional Materials
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2022


  • actuation
  • roadmap
  • robot
  • robotics
  • self healing
  • sensor
  • soft robotics


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