Rheological properties of fresh and reconstituted milk protein concentrates under standard and processing conditions

I. Kieferle, K. Hiller, U. Kulozik, N. Germann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

As the processability of fresh and reconstituted milk protein concentrates crucially depends on their rheological properties, a considerable amount of studies focuses on this topic. By means of a direct comparison, we are the first to clearly show that distinct rheological differences can exist between fresh and reconstituted milk protein concentrates under standard and processing conditions. We show that reconstituted milk protein concentrates made from commercial milk protein powders exhibit higher viscosities than fresh ones. Furthermore, we found that during intense shearing, the reconstituted milk protein concentrates undergo a loss of structure, which manifests itself in a significant viscosity decrease. The inverse effect can be observed for fresh milk protein concentrates. Besides these differences, the reconstituted milk protein concentrates exhibit gel–like properties above a certain protein content. We attribute these observations to protein–protein interactions in the milk protein powder, which are induced by manufacturing and/or storing conditions. Our results demonstrate that rheological properties of fresh and reconstituted milk protein concentrates are quantitatively not invariably interchangeable. Thus, the purpose of this article is to emphasize the necessity for researchers and engineers to take into account the rheological particularities of different milk protein concentrates prior to usage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)458-464
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume537
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Casein micelle
  • Industrial processing
  • Micelle–micelle interactions
  • Milk concentrate
  • Milk powder
  • Reconstituted concentrate
  • Rheology
  • Ultrafiltration concentrate
  • Viscoelasticity
  • Viscosity

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