Revision surgery for cervical artificial disc: Surgical technique and clinical results

J. Onken, A. Reinke, J. Radke, T. Finger, S. Bayerl, P. Vajkoczy, B. Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Cervical artificial disc replacement (C-ADR) was developed with the goal of preserving mobility of the cervical segment in patients with degenerative disc disease. So far, little is known about experiences with revision surgery and explantation of C-ADRs. Here, we report our experience with revision the third generation, Galileo-type disc prosthesis from a retrospective study of two institutions. Patients and methods Between November 2008 and July 2016, 16 patients with prior implantation of C-ADR underwent removal of the Galileo-type disc prosthesis (Signus, Medizintechnik, Germany) due to a call back by industry. In 10 patients C-ADR was replaced with an alternative prosthesis, 6 patients received an ACDF. Duration of surgery, time to revision, surgical procedure, complication rate, neurological status, histological findings and outcome were examined in two institutions. Results The C-ADR was successfully revised in all patients. Surgery was performed through the same anterior approach as the initial access. Duration of the procedure varied between 43 and 80 min. Access-related complications included irritation of the recurrent nerve in one patient and mal-positioning of the C-ADR in another patient. Follow up revealed two patients with permanent mild/moderate neurologic deficits, NDI (neck disability index) ranged between 10 and 42%. Conclusions Anterior exposure of the cervical spine for explantation and revision of C-ADR performed through the initial approach has an overall complication rate of 18.75%. Replacements of the Galileo-type disc prosthesis with an alternative prosthesis or conversion to ACDF are both suitable surgical options without significant difference in outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-44
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Volume152
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cervical artificial disc replacement
  • Complication rate
  • Operative technique
  • Outcome
  • Retrospective study
  • Revision surgery

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