Relaxation processes in supercooled liquids

W. Götze, L. Sjögren

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Abstract

The characteristic features of α- and β-relaxation in the supercooled state of non-network forming liquids and polymers are reviewed. Particular emphasis is put on properties observed recently by neutron scattering and molecular dynamics studies within the mesoscopic time region. The data indicate the existence of a crossover temperature Tc, located above the calorimetric glass transition temperature Tg, where the transport properties change from those typical for a strongly coupled liquid to those characteristic for a glass. Near Tc the α-process is specified by Debye-Waller factor anomalies, power law divergences of the relaxation scale and a crossover from α-scale universality to decoupling of the various relaxation processes. The β-process is characterized by a complete absence of correlations between spatial and temporal motion and unconventional scaling laws. There appear two fractal time decay processes and two divergent time scales if the crossover temperature is approached. The results of the mode coupling theory for the supercooled liquid dynamics are reviewed and shown to give a unified and partly quantitative description of the Tc-anomalies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-376
Number of pages136
JournalReports on Progress in Physics
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1992

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