Regulation of lipogenic enzymes in human diploid fibroblasts by hormones

Christa Lemmen, Christian A. Barth, Günter Wolfram, Nepomuk Zöllner

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11 Scopus citations


The hormonal regulation of two regulatory enzymes of fatty acid synthesis acetyl-CoA carboxylase (EC and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC, has been investigated in human diploid fibroblasts. There was a 35% increase in acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity, 72 h following addition of 10 mU/ml insulin to the culture medium. Addition of 1 μ/ml of 3,3′5-triiodthyronine for 72 h resulted in an increase in acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity to 166% of the controls. The simultaneous addition of 1 μg/ml triidothyronine and 10 mU/ml insulin caused the enzyme activity to rise to 240% of the controls. A dose-dependent reduction in acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity was brought about by 1·10-4 to 1·10-3 M dibutyryul cyclic AMP. The earliest effect of dibutyryl cyclic AMP was observed within 24 h. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase followed qualitatively the same pattern of response, whereas the constitutive enzyme, lactate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.127), did not show significant changes in these experiments. The data demonstrate common features of hormonal regulation of lipogenesis in human fibroblasts with liver and adipose tissue and substantiate the growing evidence that thyroid hormones are of major importance for the regulation of this process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Issue number1
StatePublished - 4 Jan 1983
Externally publishedYes


  • (Human fibroblast)
  • Insulin
  • Lipogenesis
  • Triiodothyronine
  • dibutyryl cyclic AMP


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