Randomized ComparIson of Strategies to PrepAre SeveRely CALCified Coronary Lesions 2: Design and Rationale of the ISAR-CALC 2 Trial

Maria Scalamogna, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab, Kambis Mashayekhi, Massimiliano Fusaro, David M. Leistner, Mohamed Ayoub, Erion Xhepa, Michael Joner, Adnan Kastrati, Salvatore Cassese, Tobias Rheude

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The percutaneous treatment of severely calcified coronary lesions has been associated with lower performance of coronary stents and poor clinical long-term outcomes. Adequate lesion preparation before stent implantation is of paramount importance to minimize the risk of stent failure. Balloon-based techniques for lesion preparation have been the subject of numerous investigations, albeit comparative data from randomized trials are scarce. Study design and objectives: The ISAR-CALC 2 (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT05072730) is an investigator-initiated, prospective, randomized, multicentre, assessors-blind, open-label trial designed to compare a lesion preparation strategy with either super high-pressure balloon or intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) before drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in patients with severely calcified, undilatable coronary lesions. In total, 80 patients are required for trial completion. The primary endpoint will be final angiographic minimal lumen diameter (MLD) after stent implantation. Key secondary endpoints include stent expansion assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), procedural and strategy success, need for complementary lesion preparation with rotational atherectomy, acute lumen gain, and major adverse cardiac events up to 30-day follow-up. Conclusions: The ISAR-CALC 2 trial aims to demonstrate the superiority of a lesion preparation strategy with a super high-pressure balloon as compared with intravascular lithotripsy prior to DES implantation in patients with severely calcified undilatable coronary lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-27
Number of pages6
JournalCardiovascular Revascularization Medicine
Volume49
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Clinical trial
  • Coronary artery calcification
  • Intravascular lithotripsy
  • Super high-pressure balloon

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