Rail Accessibility in Germany: Changing Regional Disparities between 1990 and 2020

Translated title of the contribution: Rail Accessibility in Germany: Changing Regional Disparities between 1990 and 2020

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transport accessibility is an important location factor for households and firms. In the last few decades, technological and social developments have contributed to a reinvigorated role of passenger transport. However, rail accessibility is un-evenly distributed in space. The introduction of high-speed rail has furthermore promoted a polarisation of accessibility between metropolises and peripheral areas in some European countries. In this paper we analyse the development of rail accessibility at the regional level in Germany between 1990 and 2020 for 266 functional city-regions. Our results show two different facets: the number of regions that are directly connected to one another has decreased, but at the same time the spatial disparities of accessibility have decreased, albeit to a small extent. This development was strongest in East Germany after German reunification and thus largely a consequence of the renovation of the conventional rail infrastructure, not high-speed rail. Nevertheless, it can be concluded that the introduction of high-speed traffic in Germany did not lead to an increase in accessibility disparities. Instead, the accessibility effects of high-speed rail in Germany seem to break the traditional dichotomy between core and periphery.

Translated title of the contributionRail Accessibility in Germany: Changing Regional Disparities between 1990 and 2020
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-115
Number of pages21
JournalRaumforschung und Raumordnung
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Accessibility
  • Germany
  • High Speed Rail
  • Rail
  • Regional Disparities

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