Radiation doses and accuracy of navigated pedicle screw placement in cervical and thoracic spine surgery: a comparison of sliding gantry CT and mobile cone-beam CT in a homogeneous cohort

Lea Baumgart, Sebastian Ille, Jan S. Kirschke, Bernhard Meyer, Sandro M. Krieg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Multiple solutions for navigation-guided pedicle screw placement are currently available. Intraoperative imaging techniques are invaluable for spinal surgery, but often there is little attention paid to patient radiation exposure. This study aimed to compare the applied radiation doses of sliding gantry CT (SGCT)– and mobile cone-beam CT (CBCT)–based pedicle screw placement for spinal instrumentation. METHODS The authors retrospectively analyzed 183 and 54 patients who underwent SGCT- or standard CBCT-based pedicle screw placement, respectively, for spinal instrumentation at their department between June 2019 and January 2020. SGCT uses an automated radiation dose adjustment. RESULTS Baseline characteristics, including the number of screws per patient and the number of instrumented levels, did not significantly differ between the two groups. Although the accuracy of screw placement according to Gertzbein-Robbins classification did not differ between the two groups, more screws had to be revised intraoperatively in the CBCT group (SGCT 2.7% vs CBCT 6.0%, p = 0.0036). Mean (± SD) radiation doses for the first (SGCT 484.0 ± 201.1 vs CBCT 687.4 ± 188.5 mGy*cm, p < 0.0001), second (SGCT 515.8 ± 216.3 vs CBCT 658.3 ± 220.1 mGy*cm, p < 0.0001), third (SGCT 531.3 ± 237.5 vs CBCT 641.6 ± 177.3 mGy*cm, p = 0.0140), and total (SGCT 1216.9 ± 699.3 vs CBCT 2000.3 ± 921.0 mGy*cm, p < 0.0001) scans were significantly lower for SGCT. This was also true for radiation doses per scanned level (SGCT 461.9 ± 429.3 vs CBCT 1004.1 ± 905.1 mGy*cm, p < 0.0001) and radiation doses per screw (SGCT 172.6 ± 110.1 vs CBCT 349.6 ± 273.4 mGy*cm, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS The applied radiation doses were significantly lower using SGCT for navigated pedicle screw placement in spinal instrumentation. A modern CT scanner on a sliding gantry leads to lower radiation doses, especially through automated 3D radiation dose adjustment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-369
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery: Spine
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cervical
  • cone-beam CT
  • intraoperative imaging
  • pedicle screw
  • radiation exposure
  • sliding gantry CT
  • spinal navigation
  • surgical technique
  • thoracic

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