Quantum matter-wave dynamics with moving mirrors

A. Del Campo, J. G. Muga, M. Kleber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


When a stationary reflecting wall acting as a perfect mirror for an atomic beam with well-defined incident velocity is suddenly removed, the density profile develops during the time evolution an oscillatory pattern known as diffraction in time. The interference fringes are suppressed or their visibility is diminished by several effects such as averaging over a distribution of incident velocities, apodization of the aperture function, atom-atom interactions, imperfect reflection, or environmental noise. However, when the mirror moves with finite velocity along the direction of propagation of the beam, the visibility of the fringes is enhanced. For mirror velocities below beam velocity, as used for slowing down the beam, the matter wave splits into three regions separated by space-time points with classical analogs. For mirror velocities above beam velocity a visibility enhancement occurs without a classical counterpart. When the velocity of the beam approaches that of the mirror the density oscillations rise by a factor 1.8 over the stationary value.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013608
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number1
StatePublished - 9 Jan 2008


Dive into the research topics of 'Quantum matter-wave dynamics with moving mirrors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this