Quantitative model studies on the formation of aroma-active aldehydes and acids by Strecker-type reactions

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Application of aroma extract dilution analysis on the volatiles formed by reacting glucose and L-phenylalanine (30 min, 100 °C) revealed the Strecker aldehyde, phenylacetaldehyde (PA), and, in addition, phenylacetic acid (PAA) as the two key odorants among the volatiles formed. Quantitative measurements on α-dicarbonyl formation revealed that the 3-deoxyosone and glyoxal were formed as the first prominent sugar degradation products, whereas 2-oxopropanal became predominant after ~4 h at 100 °C. Among the four α-dicarbonyls analyzed, 2-oxopropanal proved to be the most effective in generating PA as well as PAA from phenylalanine, but the reaction parameters significantly influenced the ratio of both odorants; for example, at pH 3.0 the ratio of PA to PAA was 3:1, whereas at pH 9.0 the ratio was 1:5. Furthermore, in the presence of oxygen and copper ions the formation of the acid was further increased. 3-Deoxyosone and glucosone were found to be effective precursors of phenylacetaldehyde, but neither was very effective in acid generation. On the basis of the results, a new oxygen-dependent formation pathway of the Strecker reaction is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-440
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of agricultural and food chemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • 3- methylbutanoic acid
  • 3-methylbutanal
  • Aroma extract dilution analysis
  • Phenylacetaldehyde
  • Phenylacetic acid
  • Strecker reaction


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