Quantification of viable and non-viable Legionella spp. by heterogeneous asymmetric recombinase polymerase amplification (haRPA) on a flow-based chemiluminescence microarray

Catharina Kober, Reinhard Niessner, Michael Seidel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Increasing numbers of legionellosis outbreaks within the last years have shown that Legionella are a growing challenge for public health. Molecular biological detection methods capable of rapidly identifying viable Legionella are important for the control of engineered water systems. The current gold standard based on culture methods takes up to 10 days to show positive results. For this reason, a flow-based chemiluminescence (CL) DNA microarray was developed that is able to quantify viable and non-viable Legionella spp. as well as Legionella pneumophila in one hour. An isothermal heterogeneous asymmetric recombinase polymerase amplification (haRPA) was carried out on flow-based CL DNA microarrays. Detection limits of 87 genomic units (GU) µL−1 and 26 GU µL−1 for Legionella spp. and Legionella pneumophila, respectively, were achieved. In this work, it was shown for the first time that the combination of a propidium monoazide (PMA) treatment with haRPA, the so-called viability haRPA, is able to identify viable Legionella on DNA microarrays. Different proportions of viable and non-viable Legionella, shown with the example of L. pneumophila, ranging in a total concentration between 101 to 105 GU µL−1 were analyzed on the microarray analysis platform MCR 3. Recovery values for viable Legionella spp. were found between 81% and 133%. With the combination of these two methods, there is a chance to replace culture-based methods in the future for the monitoring of engineered water systems like condensation recooling plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-55
Number of pages7
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume100
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • DNA microarray
  • Heterogeneous asymmetric recombinase polymerase amplification (haRPA)
  • Legionella pneumophila
  • Pathogens
  • Viable/non-viable differentiation

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