Purity speed limit of open quantum systems from magic subspaces

A. A. Dìaz V, V. Martikyan, S. J. Glaser, D. Sugny

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Abstract

We introduce the concept of magic subspaces for the control of dissipative N- level quantum systems whose dynamics are governed by the Lindblad equation. For a given purity, these subspaces can be defined as the set of density matrices for which the rate of purity change is maximum or minimum. Adding fictitious control fields to the system so two density operators with the same purity can be connected in a very short time, we show that magic subspaces allow us to derive a purity speed limit, which only depends on the relaxation rates. We emphasize the superiority of this limit with respect to established bounds and its tightness in the case of a two-level dissipative quantum system. The link between the speed limit and the corresponding time-optimal solution is discussed in the framework of this study. Explicit examples are described for two- and three-level quantum systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number033104
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume102
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

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