Purification and biochemical characterization of pyruvate oxidase from Lactobacillus plantarum

B. Sedewitz, K. H. Schleifer, F. Gotz

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Abstract

Pyruvate oxidase (EC 1.2.3.3) was isolated and characterized from Lactobacillus plantarum. The enzyme catalyzed the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate in the presence of phosphate and oxygen, yielding acetyl phosphate, and hydrogen peroxide. This pyruvate oxidase is a flavoprotein, with the relatively tightly bound cofactors flavin adenine dinucleotide, thiamine pyrophosphate, and a divalent metal ion, with Mn2+ being the most effective. The enzyme is only slighty inhibited by EDTA, implying that the enzyme-bound metal ion is poorly accessible to EDTA. Only under relatively drastic conditions, such as acid ammonium sulfate precipitation, could a colorless and entirely inactive apoenzyme be obtained. A partial reactivation of the enzyme was only possible by the combined addition of flavin adenine dinucleotide, thiamine pyrophosphate, and MnSO4. The enzyme has a molecular weight of ca. 260,000 and consists of four subunits with apparently identical molecular weights of 68,000. For catalytic activity the optimum pH is 5.7, and the optimum temperature is 30°C. The K(m) values for pyruvate, phosphate, and arsenate are 0.4, 2.3, and 1.2, mM, respectively. The substrate specificity revealed that the enzyme reacts also with certain aldehydes and that phosphate can be replaced by arsenate. In addition to oxygen, several artificial compounds can function as electron acceptors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-278
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Bacteriology
Volume160
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

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