PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE 2A-B9g Controls Botrytis cinerea Resistance and Developmental Leaf Senescence1[OPEN]

Guido Durian, Verena Jeschke, Moona Rahikainen, Katariina Vuorinen, Peter J. Gollan, Mikael Brosché, Jarkko Salojärvi, Erich Glawischnig, Zsófia Winter, Shengchun Li, Graham Noctor, Eva Mari Aro, Jaakko Kangasjärvi, Kirk Overmyer, Meike Burow, Saijaliisa Kangasjärvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plants optimize their growth and survival through highly integrated regulatory networks that coordinate defensive measures and developmental transitions in response to environmental cues. Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a key signaling component that controls stress reactions and growth at different stages of plant development, and the PP2A regulatory subunit PP2A‐B9g is required for negative regulation of pathogenesis responses and for maintenance of cell homeostasis in short-day conditions. Here, we report molecular mechanisms by which PP2A‐B9g regulates Botrytis cinerea resistance and leaf senescence in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). We extend the molecular functionality of PP2A‐B9g to a protein kinase–phosphatase interaction with the defense-associated calcium-dependent protein kinase CPK1 and present indications this interaction may function to control CPK1 activity. In presenescent leaf tissues, PP2A-B9g is also required to negatively control the expression of salicylic acid-related defense genes, which have recently proven vital in plant resistance to necrotrophic fungal pathogens. In addition, we find the premature leaf yellowing of pp2a-b9g depends on salicylic acid biosynthesis via SALICYLIC ACID INDUCTION DEFICIENT2 and bears the hallmarks of developmental leaf senescence. We propose PP2A-B9g age-dependently controls salicylic acid-related signaling in plant immunity and developmental leaf senescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1161-1181
Number of pages21
JournalPlant Physiology
Volume182
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

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