Prospects of antideuteron detection from dark matter annihilations or decays at AMS-02 and GAPS

Alejandro Ibarra, Sebastian Wild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The search for cosmic antideuterons has been proposed as a promising method to indirectly detect dark matter, due to the very small background flux from spallations expected at the energies relevant to experiments. The antideuteron flux from dark matter annihilations or decays is, however, severely constrained by the non-observation of an excess in the antiproton-to-proton fraction measured by PAMELA. In this paper we calculate, for representative dark matter annihilation and decay channels, upper limits on the number of antideuteron events at AMS-02 and GAPS from requiring that the associated antiproton flux is in agreement with the PAMELA data. To this end, we first analyze in detail the formation of antideuterons in the coalescence model using an event-by-event Monte Carlo simulation and using data from various high energy experiments. We find that the resulting coalescence momentum shows a dependence on the underlying process and on the center of mass energy involved. Then, we calculate, using a diffusion model, the flux of antideuterons at the Earth from dark matter annihilations or decays. Our results indicate that, despite the various sources of uncertainty, the observation of an antideuteron flux at AMS-02 or GAPS from dark matter annihilations or decays will be challenging.

Original languageEnglish
Article number021
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Volume2013
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • cosmic ray theory
  • dark matter theory

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