Properties of tomato powders as additives for food fortification and stabilization

Vera Lavelli, Susanne Hippeli, Kerstin Dornisch, Claudio Peri, Erich F. Elstner

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13 Scopus citations


The antioxidant activities of two freeze-dried tomato powders as additives for food fortification and stabilization were studied. The two tomato powders were obtained from the whole fruit and from the pulp after "serum" separation, respectively. The antioxidant activity was studied by measuring (a) the inhibition of the singlet oxygen-catalyzed oxidation of α-linolenic acid, in the presence or absence of copper ions, as a model of the oxidative processes occurring in foods, and (b) the inhibition of xanthine oxidase (XOD)- and myeloperoxidase (MPO)-catalyzed reactions and copper-induced lipid peroxidation. The partial separation of "serum" decreased the freeze-drying time by 50%. The partially fractionated tomato powder had a 60% lower phenolic content and an 11-fold higher lycopene content than the whole tomato powder, on a dry weight basis. Ascorbic acid was almost completely removed by fractionation. Both the powder obtained from the whole tomato and that obtained from the partially fractionated tomato had antioxidant activity in all the model systems used. Based on these results, we conclude that tomato powders have multifunctional properties, which could address the prevention of oxidative degradations both in foods and in vivo. Therefore, tomato can be regarded as source of food additives for fortification and stabilization, even if it is submitted to technological processes that can cause the loss of the more labile hydrophilic antioxidants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2037-2042
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of agricultural and food chemistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001


  • Copper chelation
  • Free radical scavenging
  • Singlet oxygen quenching
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)


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