Prognostic value of transvaginal sonography in asymptomatic endometrial cancers

R. G.W. Osmers, M. Osmers, W. Kuhn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the period between 1985 and 1991, 83 postmenopausal women with endometrial cancer were examined by transvaginal sonography. None of them were on hormone replacement therapy and all had amenorrhea of more than 2 years. Twenty‐two were asymptomatic and had an endometrial cancer detected by transvaginal sonography and 61 showed atypical bleeding as their only clinical symptom. Women with asymptomatic endometrial cancers detected by transvaginal sonography exhibited significantly less mean myometrial tumor infiltration and more well‐differentiated tumors than those with atypical bleeding (4 mm and 45% compared with 10 mm and 18%, respectively). In 75% of the cases the estimation by transvaginal sonography of tumor stage completely agreed with the histological staging. These preliminary data show that asymptomatic endometrial cancers screened by transvaginal sonography are likely to have a better prognosis than symptomatic cancers. Furthermore, transvaginal sonography can be used as a reliable tool for tumor staging prior to surgery or radiotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-107
Number of pages5
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cancer
  • endometrium
  • postmenopause
  • prognosis
  • ultrasound

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