Profiling core proteomes of human cell lines by one-dimensional PAGE and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

Markus Schirle, Marie Anne Heurtier, Bernhard Kuster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

206 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protein expression profiles vary considerably between human cell lines and tissues, which is in part a reflection of their specialized roles within an organism. It is of considerable practical use to establish which proteins constitute the primary components of the respective proteomes. When compiled into databases, such information can facilitate the assessment of selectivity and specificity of a wide range of proteomic experiments. Here we describe the major constituents of proteomes of six human immortalized cell lines. By employing a combination of one-dimensional SDS-PAGE and nanocapillary liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), we identified up to 1785 non-redundant cytoplasmic and nuclear proteins from a single cell line using 50 and 30 microg of total protein from the corresponding fractions. Up to 38 proteins could be identified from a single band in one liquid chromatography-MS/MS experiment. When combined with systematic gridding of gel lanes into 48 slices, a dynamic range for protein identification of approximately 1:2000 can be envisaged for this approach. Identified proteins range from 4-553 kDa in size, cover the pI range between 3.4 and 12.8, and include 255 proteins with predicted transmembrane domains. Repeated analysis of peptides derived from the same gel band showed that the reproducibility of nanocapillary liquid chromatography-MS/MS of such complex mixtures is about 60-70% suggesting that a particular analytical experiment would need to be repeated about three times to arrive at a representative estimate of the set of highly abundant proteins in a given proteome. Given its technical simplicity, sensitivity, and wealth of generated information, we have adopted this experimental approach to characterize every cell line and tissue that is the subject of experimentation in our laboratory. The combined dataset for the six cell lines consists of 2341 non-redundant human proteins and thus constitutes one of the largest collections of human proteomic data published to date.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1297-1305
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Proteomics
Volume2
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes

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