Production of β-Lactoglobulin hydrolysates by monolith based immobilized trypsin reactors

Yuhong Mao, Urh Černigoj, Viktor Zalokar, Aleš Štrancar, Ulrich Kulozik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Tryptic hydrolysis of β-Lactoglobulin (β-Lg) is attracting more and more attention due to the reduced allergenicity and the functionality of resulting hydrolysates. To produce hydrolysates in an economically viable way, immobilized trypsin reactors (IMTRs), based on polymethacrylate monolith with pore size 2.1 μm (N1) and 6 μm (N2), were developed and used in a flow-through system. IMTRs were characterized in terms of permeability and enzymatic activity during extensive usage. N1 showed twice the activity compared with N2, correlating well with its almost two times higher amount of immobilized trypsin. N2 showed high stability over 18 cycles, as well as over more than 30 weeks during storage. The efficiency of IMTRs on hydrolyzing β-Lg was compared with free trypsin, and the resulting hydrolysates were analyzed by MALDI-TOF/MS. The final hydrolysis degree by N1 reached 9.68% (86.58% cleavage sites) within 4 h, while only around 6% (53.67% cleavage sites) by 1.5 mg of free trypsin. Peptides analysis showed the different preference between immobilized trypsin and free trypsin. Under the experimental conditions used in this study, the potential cleavage site Lys135-Phe136 was resistant against the immobilized trypsin in N1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2947-2956
Number of pages10
Issue number22-23
StatePublished - Nov 2017


  • Immobilized enzyme reactor
  • Monolith
  • Trypsin
  • Β-Lactoglobulin


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