Premature termination, satisfaction with care, and shared decision-making during home treatment compared to inpatient treatment: A quasi-experimental trial

Stefan Weinmann, Konstantinos Nikolaidis, Gerhard Längle, Sebastian Von Peter, Peter Brieger, Jürgen Timm, Lasse Fischer, Svenja Raschmann, Martin Holzke, Julian Schwarz, Luisa Klocke, Sandeep Rout, Constanze Hirschmeier, Uwe Herwig, Janina Richter, Reinhold Kilian, Johanna Baumgardt, Johannes Hamann, Andreas Bechdolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Inpatient equivalent home treatment (IEHT), implemented in Germany since 2018, is a specific form of home treatment. Between 2021 and 2022, IEHT was compared to inpatient psychiatric treatment in a 12-months follow-up quasi-experimental study with two propensity score matched cohorts in 10 psychiatric centers in Germany. This article reports results on the treatment during the acute episode and focuses on involvement in decision-making, patient satisfaction, and drop-out rates. Methods A total of 200 service users receiving IEHT were compared with 200 matched statistical twins in standard inpatient treatment. Premature termination of treatment as well as reasons for this was assessed using routine data and a questionnaire. In addition, we measured patient satisfaction with care with a specific scale. For the evaluation of patient involvement in treatment decisions, we used the 9-item Shared Decision Making Questionnaire (SDM-Q-9). Results Patients were comparable in both groups with regard to sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Mean length-of-stay was 37 days for IEHT and 28 days for inpatient treatment. In both groups, a similar proportion of participants stopped treatment prematurely. At the end of the acute episode, patient involvement in decision-making (SDM-Q-9) as well as treatment satisfaction scores were significantly higher for IEHT patients compared to inpatients. Conclusions Compared to inpatient care, IEHT treatment for acute psychiatric episodes was associated with higher treatment satisfaction and more involvement in clinical decisions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere71
JournalEuropean Psychiatry
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Sep 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • crisis resolution team
  • evaluation
  • home treatment
  • psychiatric services
  • severe mental illness

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