Predictors of well-being, future anxiety, and multiple recurrent health complaints among university students during the COVID-19 pandemic: the role of socioeconomic determinants, sense of coherence, and digital health literacy. An Italian cross-sectional study

Chiara Lorini, Giuseppe Cavallo, Virginia Vettori, Primo Buscemi, Giulia Ciardi, Patrizio Zanobini, Orkan Okan, Kevin Dadaczynski, Vieri Lastrucci, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The pandemic deeply changed young adults’ life. Lockdown period and the social restrictions dramatically affected university students’ mental health. The aim of our cross-sectional study was to describe psychological well-being, future anxiety (FA), and health complaints (HCs) in a sample of 3,001 students of the University of Florence in the middle of the first two pandemic waves. We assessed the role of subjective social status, chronic diseases, sense of coherence (SoC), and digital health literacy (DHL) as predictors of psychological well-being, FA, and HCs. Students expressed high levels of FA and reported being disturbed by not being able to achieve their desired future goals. About 40% reported a low or a very low well-being and 19.1% experienced two or more subjective health complaints more than once a week. The likelihood of having a better mental health status significantly increased with increasing SoC and among males. Subjective Social Status proved to be a predictor for FA. Enhancing SoC could improve the health status of the university students during the pandemic and beyond.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1210327
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • SOC
  • cross-sectional study
  • psychological determinants
  • socioeconomic determinants
  • university students
  • well-being

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