Picosecond energy transfer of vibrationally hot molecules in solution: Experimental studies and theoretical analysis

U. Sukowski, A. Seilmeier, T. Elsaesser, S. F. Fischer

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Abstract

The cooling of vibrationally hot azulene is studied in different solvents by picosecond spectroscopy. Excitation to the electronic S1 state generates molecules with a vibrationally hot ground state by rapid internal conversion. The subsequent cooling is monitored by the temperature-dependent change of the S0-S1 absorption edge and occurs via interaction with the solvent on a time scale of several tens of picoseconds. A theoretical model of intermolecular energy transfer in the liquid phase is developed. The vibrational excess energy of azulene is transferred to the solvent molecules by isolated binary collisions, where the multimode vibrational system of the molecules is considered explicitly. The dissipation of energy within the solvent is simulated by the macroscopic conduction of heat. The temporal development of the vibrational temperature of the azulene molecules and the concommitant changes of absorption are calculated taking into account the properties of the specific solvent. The results of the theory show quantitative agreement with our data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4094-4101
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume93
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

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