Phase-shifting optothermal microscopy enables live-cell mid-infrared hyperspectral imaging of large cell populations at high confluency

Tao Yuan, Lucas Riobo, Francesca Gasparin, Vasilis Ntziachristos, Miguel A. Pleitez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rapid live-cell hyperspectral imaging at large fields of view (FOVs) and high cell confluency remains challenging for conventional vibrational spectroscopy–based microscopy technologies. At the same time, imaging at high cell confluency and large FOVs is important for proper cell function and statistical significance of measurements, respectively. Here, we introduce phase-shifting mid-infrared optothermal microscopy (PSOM), which interprets molecular-vibrational information as the optical path difference induced by mid-infrared absorption and can take snapshot vibrational images over broad excitation areas at high live-cell confluency. By means of phase-shifting, PSOM suppresses noise to a quarter of current optothermal microscopy modalities to allow capturing live-cell vibrational images at FOVs up to 50 times larger than state of the art. PSOM also reduces illumination power flux density (PFD) down to four orders of magnitude lower than other conventional vibrational microscopy methods, such as coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS), thus considerably decreasing the risk of cell photodamage.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereadj7944
JournalScience Advances
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

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