Phase change detection in neat and fiber reinforced polyamide 6 using dielectric analysis

Alexander Chaloupka, André Wedel, Iman Taha, Natalie Rudolph, Klaus Drechsler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study online-capable dielectric analysis techniques were investigated to show its potential on the example of detecting phase transitions of polyamide 6 (PA6) and its composites. The differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), a standard testing method commonly applied in thermophysical analysis, is used as a reference method throughout this work. Dielectric measurement techniques are introduced as a means for providing an online measuring concept that is able to monitor phase changes in both neat, as well as glass and carbon reinforced PA6. Whereas a simple sensor setup has proven to be adequate for dielectric measurements of pure and glass reinforced PA6, the insertion of an additional insulation layer between sample and sensor was necessary to overcome short circuit problems induced through the conductive nature of carbon in carbon fiber reinforced PA6. Results show that crystallization and melting can be successfully identified using dielectric analysis and can be compared directly with results from the DSC. Analysis in the dielectric method is based on relative permittivity ϵʹ, loss factor ϵʺ and ion viscosity ρ. Here phase changes can be observed as a frequency dependent step in the measurement signal, which becomes increasingly apparent with increasing frequency. Plotting the first derivative of ϵʹ, ϵʺ and ρ relative to the temperature the phase change can be depicted in form of a peak, similar to the case of DSC. The derivative signals can be used as a direct means for monitoring in manufacturing processes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication20th Symposium on Composites
EditorsChristian Edtmaier, Guillermo Requena
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages944-951
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783038355151
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event20th Symposium on Composites, 2015 - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 1 Jul 20153 Jul 2015

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume825-826
ISSN (Print)0255-5476
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752

Conference

Conference20th Symposium on Composites, 2015
Country/TerritoryAustria
CityVienna
Period1/07/153/07/15

Keywords

  • Carbon fiber
  • Dielectric
  • Differential scanning calorimetry
  • Glass fiber
  • Thermoplastic

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