PCR-Based Diagnosis and Quantification of Mycotoxin-Producing Fungi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by filamentous fungi which have toxicologically relevant effects on vertebrates if administered in small doses via a natural route. In order to improve food safety and to protect consumers from harmful contaminants, the presence of fungi with the potential to produce such compounds must be checked at critical control points during the production of agricultural commodities as well as during the process of food and feed preparation. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based diagnosis has been applied as an alternative assay replacing cumbersome and time-consuming microbiological and chemical methods for the detection and identification of the most serious toxin producers in the fungal genera Fusarium, Aspergillus, and Penicillium. The current chapter covers the numerous PCR-based assays which have been published since the first description of the use of this technology to detect Aspergillus flavus biosynthesis genes in 1996.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Food and Nutrition Research
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.
Pages81-138
Number of pages58
ISBN (Print)9780123737403
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Publication series

NameAdvances in Food and Nutrition Research
Volume54
ISSN (Print)1043-4526

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