PCDD F sources and levels in River Elbe sediments

K. W. Schramm, B. Henkelmann, A. Kettrup

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40 Scopus citations


River Elbe sediments from 1991-1993 were analysed to determine polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans ( PCDD F). The type of source and the charges between two neighbouring sample sites are characterized by the difference in their single congener PCDD F-patterns. Three main sources could be identified as sewage sludge, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and pentachlorophenol use. The other patterns could not be clearly related to a single main source regarding the PCDD F homologues. In samples of 1992 and 1993, only one sample shows a pattern which could be related to polychlorinated biphenyls. The PCDD >F burden of the River Elbe is completed with values from the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2160-2166
Number of pages7
JournalWater Research
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • PCDD F
  • River Elbe
  • environmental specimen bank
  • pattern recognition


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