Patients with Acute Limb Ischemia Might Benefit from Endovascular Therapy—A 17-Year Retrospective Single-Center Series of 985 Patients

Kerstin Stoklasa, Sabine Sieber, Shamsun Naher, Bianca Bohmann, Andreas Kuehnl, Thomas Stadlbauer, Heiko Wendorff, Gabor Biro, Michael A. Kallmayer, Christoph Knappich, Albert Busch, Hans Henning Eckstein

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute lower limb ischemia (ALI) is a common vascular emergency, requiring urgent revascularization by open or endovascular means. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate patient demographics, treatment and periprocedural variables affecting the outcome in ALI patients in a consecutive cohort in a tertiary referral center. Primary outcome events (POE) were 30-day (safety) and 180-day (efficacy) combined mortality and major amputation rates, respectively. Secondary outcomes were perioperative medical and surgical leg-related complications and the 5-year combined mortality and major amputation rate. Statistical analysis used descriptive and uni- and multivariable Cox regression analysis. In 985 patients (71 ± 9 years, 56% men) from 2004 to 2020, the 30-day and 180-day combined mortality and major amputation rates were 15% and 27%. Upon multivariable analysis, older age (30 d: aHR 1.17; 180 d: 1.27) and advanced Rutherford ischemia stage significantly worsened the safety and efficacy POE (30 d: TASC IIa aHR 3.29, TASC IIb aHR 3.93, TASC III aHR 7.79; 180 d: TASC IIa aHR 1.97, TASC IIb aHR 2.43, TASC III aHR 4.2), while endovascular treatment was associated with significant improved POE after 30 days (aHR 0.35) and 180 days (aHR 0.39), respectively. Looking at five consecutive patient quintiles, a significant increase in endovascular procedures especially in the last quintile could be observed (17.5% to 39.5%, p < 0.001). Simultaneously, the re-occlusion rate as well as the number of patients with any previous revascularization increased. In conclusion, despite a slightly increasing early re-occlusion rate, endovascular treatment might, if possible, be favorable in ALI treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5462
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute lower limb ischemia (ALI)
  • bypass surgery
  • complications
  • embolectomy/thrombectomy
  • endovascular revascularization
  • mortality
  • risk factor

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