Patient age and duration of colonoscopy are predictors for adenoma detection in both proximal and distal colon

Peter Klare, Stefan Ascher, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Petra Wolf, Analena Beitz, Roland M. Schmid, Stefan Von Delius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

AIM: To investigate the relation of patient characteristics and procedural parameters to the endoscopic detection rate of colonic adenomas. Further to study, which factors may be capable to predict the localization of adenomatous lesions. METHODS: We used the data base of a prospective randomized colonoscopy study (The ColoCap trial) to identify patients being diagnosed with colon adenoma. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to reveal predictors for adenoma detection in the entire colon and also with respect to the proximal and distal part. Covariates including age, gender, duration of colonoscopy and comorbidities were defined to determine association between predictors and adenoma detection. RESULTS: Equal numbers of adenomas were detected in the proximal and distal side of the splenic flexure [126 (57%) vs 94 (43%), P = 0.104]. Simultaneous occurrence of adenomas in both sides of the colon was rare. The appearance of both proximal and distal adenoma was associated with increasing age (P = 0.008 and P = 0.024) and increasing duration of colonoscopy (P < 0.001 and P = 0.001). Male gender was a predictor for adenoma detection in the proximal colon (P = 0.008) but statistical significance was slightly missed with respect to the distal colon (P = 0.089). Alcohol abuse was found to be a predictor for the detection of distal adenoma (P = 0.041). CONCLUSION: Increasing age and longer duration of colonoscopy are factors with a strong impact on adenoma detection both in the proximal and distal colon. Since proximal adenomas occurred in absence of distal adenomas, complete colonoscopy should be performed for screening..

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-634
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adenoma
  • Colonoscopy
  • Colorectal carcinoma
  • Distal
  • Proximal

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