Pathogenese der SLAP-II-läsion am schultergelenk: Biomechanische untersuchungen

Translated title of the contribution: Biomechanical investigations for the development of a SLAP-II-lesion

T. Vaitl, A. Burkart, E. Steinhauser, E. Hohmann, A. Imhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The superior labral-biceps-tendon-complex forms an anatomical and functional unit and combines static and dynamic elements of shoulder stability. At present, only theoretical hypotheses exist on the etiology of the microtraumatic SLAP-II-lesion. To gain further insight into this, an instrument was developed to simulate throwing motions such as the late-cocking/early acceleration phase as well as deceleration/follow-through. Sixteen freshly frozen shoulder specimens were tested, varying the loads on the biceps tendon (25 N, 50 N, 100 N) and the compression of the humeral head against the glenoid (25 N, 50 N, 80 N). Each shoulder had to run through a certain number of cycles during the particular phase of throwing. The tests were stopped after a SLAP-II-lesion was observed, or after a limit of 15,000 cycles. Every 1,000 cycles the results of the tests were checked arthroscopically. A SLAP-II-lesion developed in only 10% of the specimens during the acceleration/late cocking phase whereas in the deceleration/follow-through phase 83% developed such a lesion. According to our results, the deceleration/follow-through of the throwing motion seems to be responsible for creating microtraumatic SLAP-II-lesions. One reason is the loss of the centering function of the long head of the biceps tendon during total internal rotation, another is the increased posterosuperior translation of the humeral head in this position, which leads to a non-physiological contact, creating lesions in this area due to the large sheering forces.

Translated title of the contributionBiomechanical investigations for the development of a SLAP-II-lesion
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)608-615
Number of pages8
JournalOrthopade
Volume32
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2003

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