Parameter estimation of qualitative biological regulatory networks on high performance computing hardware

Muhammad Tariq Saeed, Jamil Ahmad, Jan Baumbach, Josch Pauling, Aamir Shafi, Rehan Zafar Paracha, Asad Hayat, Amjad Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Biological Regulatory Networks (BRNs) are responsible for developmental and maintenance related functions in organisms. These functions are implemented by the dynamics of BRNs and are sensitive to regulations enforced by specific activators and inhibitors. The logical modeling formalism by René Thomas incorporates this sensitivity with a set of logical parameters modulated by available regulators, varying with time. With the increase in complexity of BRNs in terms of number of entities and their interactions, the task of parameters estimation becomes computationally expensive with existing sequential SMBioNET tool. We extend the existing sequential implementation of SMBioNET by using a data decomposition approach using a Java messaging library called MPJ Express. The approach divides the parameters space into different regions and each region is then explored in parallel on High Performance Computing (HPC) hardware. Results: The performance of the parallel approach is evaluated on BRNs of different sizes, and experimental results on multicore and cluster computers showed almost linear speed-up. This parallel code can be executed on a wide range of concurrent hardware including laptops equipped with multicore processors, and specialized distributed memory computer systems. To demonstrate the application of parallel implementation, we selected a case study of Hexosamine Biosynthetic Pathway (HBP) in cancer progression to identify potential therapeutic targets against cancer. A set of logical parameters were computed for HBP model that directs the biological system to a state of recovery. Furthermore, the parameters also suggest a potential therapeutic intervention that restores homeostasis. Additionally, the performance of parallel application was also evaluated on a network (comprising of 23 entities) of Fibroblast Growth Factor Signalling in Drosophila melanogaster. Conclusions: Qualitative modeling framework is widely used for investigating dynamics of biological regulatory networks. However, computation of model parameters in qualitative modeling is computationally intensive. In this work, we presented results of our Java based parallel implementation that provides almost linear speed-up on both multicore and cluster platforms. The parallel implementation is available at https://psmbionet.github.io.

Original languageEnglish
Article number146
JournalBMC Systems Biology
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Biological regulatory networks
  • Hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP)
  • MPJ express
  • Model checking
  • Parallel SMBioNet
  • Parameter estimation
  • Qualitative modeling
  • René Thomas framework

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