Optimizing water-based extraction of bioactive principles of hawthorn: From experimental laboratory research to homemade preparations

Phu Cao Ngoc, Laurent Leclercq, Jean Christophe Rossi, Isabelle Desvignes, Jasmine Hertzog, Anne Sylvie Fabiano-Tixier, Farid Chemat, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Hervé Cottet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hawthorn (Crataegus) is used for its cardiotonic, hypotensive, vasodilative, sedative, antiatherosclerotic, and antihyperlipidemic properties. One of the main goals of this work was to find a well-defined optimized extraction protocol usable by each of us that would lead to repeatable, controlled, and quantified daily uptake of active components from hawthorn at a drinkable temperature (below 60 C). A thorough investigation of the extraction mode in water (infusion, maceration, percolation, ultrasounds, microwaves) on the yield of extraction and the amount of phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and proanthocyanidin oligomers as well as on the Ultra High Performance Liquid Chromatography (UHPLC) profiles of the extracted compounds was carried out. High-resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry was also implemented to discriminate the different samples and conditions of extraction. The quantitative and qualitative aspects of the extraction as well as the kinetics of extraction were studied, not only according to the part (flowers or leaves), the state (fresh or dried), and the granulometry of the dry plant, but also the stirring speed, the temperature, the extraction time, the volume of the container (cup, mug or bowl) and the use of infusion bags.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4420
JournalMolecules
Volume24
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Extraction mode
  • Flavonoid
  • Granulometry
  • Hawthorn
  • Infusion
  • Polyphenol
  • Procyanidin
  • Standardization
  • Water-based extraction

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