Optimization of radiation controlled gene expression by adenoviral vectors in vitro

Martina Anton, Iman E.O. Gomaa, Tobias Von Lukowicz, Michael Molls, Bernd Gansbacher, Florian Würschmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The radiation-inducible EGR-1-promoter has been used in different gene therapy approaches in order to enhance and locally restrict therapeutic efficacy. The aim of this study was to reduce nonspecific gene expression in the absence of irradiation (IR) in an adenoviral vector. Rat rhabdomyosarcoma R1H tumor cells were infected with adenoviral vectors expressing either EGFP or HSV-TK under control of the murine EGR-1 promoter/enhancer. Cells were irradiated at 0-6 Gy. Gene expression was determined by FACS-analysis (EGFP), or crystal violet staining (HSV-TK). The bovine growth hormone polyadenylation signal (BGH pA) was used as insulating sequence and was introduced upstream or upstream and downstream of the expression cassette. Infected R1H cells displayed IR dose-dependent EGFP expression. Cells treated with IR, AdEGR.TK and ganciclovir displayed a survival of 17.3% (6 Gy). However, significant gene expression was observed in the absence of IR with EGR.TK and EGR.EGFP constructs. Introduction of BGHpA upstream or upstream and downstream of expression cassette resulted in decreased nonspecific cytotoxicity by a factor of 1.6-2.3 with minor influence on the induced level of cytotoxicity. Introduction of insulating sequences in adenoviral vectors might allow tighter temporospatial control of gene expression by the radiation-inducible EGR-1 promoter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)640-646
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Gene Therapy
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adenoviral vectors
  • EGR-1 promoter
  • Insulating sequences
  • Radiation

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