Optimal control for generating quantum gates in open dissipative systems

T. Schulte-Herbrüggen, A. Spörl, N. Khaneja, S. J. Glaser

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82 Scopus citations


Optimal control methods for implementing quantum modules with least amount of relaxative loss are devised to give best approximations to unitary gates under relaxation. The potential gain by optimal control fully exploiting known relaxation parameters against time-optimal control (the alternative for unknown relaxation parameters) is explored and exemplified in numerical and in algebraic terms: for instance, relaxation-based optimal control is the method of choice to govern quantum systems within subspaces of weak relaxation whenever the drift Hamiltonian would otherwise drive the system through fast decaying modes. In a standard model system generalizing ideal decoherence-free subspaces to more realistic scenarios, opengrape-derived controls realize a CNOT with fidelities beyond 95% instead of at most 15% for a standard Trotter expansion. As additional benefit their control fields are orders of magnitude lower in power than bang-bang decouplings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number154013
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Issue number15
StatePublished - 14 Aug 2011


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