Operation of ICRF antennas in a full tungsten environment in ASDEX Upgrade

Vl Bobkov, F. Braun, R. Dux, L. Giannone, A. Herrmann, A. Kallenbach, H. W. Müller, R. Neu, J. M. Noterdaeme, Th Pütterich, V. Rohde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


In the 2007 and early part of 2008 experimental campaigns, ASDEX Upgrade operated with full tungsten (W) wall without boronization. Use of ICRF power results in a significant increase of W source. Low temperature conditions at the plasma facing components, achieved by a large clearance between the separatrix and the antenna (>6 cm) and by elevated gas puff rates (> 5 × 1021 s- 1) help to lower W sputtering yield during ICRF. Operation of neighboring ICRF antennas at the phase difference close to -90° can lead to a reduction in the W source. However, a reduction of parallel near-fields by antenna design is needed to further minimize the W source. A relation has been established between the HFSS code calculations predicting a dominant role of box currents in the formation of parallel antenna near-fields and the experiment. The shapes of the measured vertical profile of effective sputtering yields and the calculated sheath driving voltages show a qualitative agreement. This confirms that the existing tools are a good basis to design an improved antenna.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)900-903
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Issue number1
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes


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