## Abstract

We present a hierarchical basis preconditioning strategy for the Poggio-Miller-Chang-Harrington-Wu-Tsai (PMCHWT) integral equation considering both simply and multiply connected geometries. To this end, we first consider the direct application of hierarchical basis preconditioners, developed for the electric field integral equation (EFIE), to the PMCHWT. It is notably found that, whereas for the EFIE a diagonal preconditioner can be used for obtaining the hierarchical basis scaling factors, this strategy is catastrophic in the case of the PMCHWT since it leads to a severely ill-conditioned PMCHWT system in the case of multiply connected geometries. We then proceed to a theoretical analysis of the effect of hierarchical bases on the PMCHWT operator for which we obtain the correct scaling factors and a provably effective preconditioner for both low frequencies and mesh refinements. Numerical results will corroborate the theory and show the effectiveness of our approach.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 7600394 |

Pages (from-to) | 1044-1047 |

Number of pages | 4 |

Journal | IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters |

Volume | 16 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2017 |

## Keywords

- Hierarchical basis
- PMCHWT
- integral equation
- multiresolution
- preconditioner
- wavelet